Morphine has been around in its present form for over 200 years and in earlier versions for hundreds of years more. Derived from the opium found in poppy flowers, it is a powerful analgesic (pain-reducing medication) that belongs to the family of opioids that includes heroin, oxycodone (Oxycontin), and hydromorphone (Dilaudid).

A Schedule II Narcotic

Morphine is a treatment for pain (both acute/sudden onset pain and chronic/long-lasting pain). People who are experiencing chronic pain after surgery may use it. Also, it can treat heart attacks and labor pains.

As a Schedule II narcotic in the classification system issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. This is in part because, like other opiates, it is highly addictive.

 

Side Effects of Morphine

Potential side effects of morphine treatment include:

  • Clammy skin
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Insomnia
  • Memory loss
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Severe weakness
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Tingling sensations

Morphine and Pregnancy

In addition to morphine’s use for labor pains, it’s important to keep in mind that morphine is an ingredient in other medications, such as cough medicine and prescription pain medications. FDA classifies morphine as a Pregnancy Category C drug, meaning that while there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women, the drug should only be prescribed to pregnant women if the benefits outweigh the risks.

A study given to rats during the second trimester of pregnancy resulted in higher-than-normal incidences of birth defects including:

  • Decreased body weight
  • Delayed sexual maturation
  • Developmental delays
  • Exencephaly (the infant’s brain is located outside the cranial cavity)
  • Kidney problems
  • Decreased brain size
  • Slow growth
  • Decreased size of the testes
  • Skeletal problems
  • Decreased male fertility

Tests conducted on rats and mice used a much higher dose of the medication than the usual therapeutic dose in humans.

Don’t Delay! Call Clay!

If you or someone you love has been injured or killed by a dangerous drug, don’t delay! Call Clay! The initial consultation is FREE! Our experienced staff members are here to help.