CIVIL RIGHTS AND EMPLOYMENT
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Understanding Civil Rights and Employment
Freedoms of speech, press, and assembly are American rights. In addition:
The right to vote
Freedom from involuntary servitude
The right to equality in public places are all civil rights.
Discrimination is when an individual losses their civil rights because they belong to a certain group or class. Accordingly, statutes exist to prevent discrimination based on:
This firm has handled a variety of civil rights cases. Some of those cases included police brutality, malicious prosecution, discrimination, and sexual harassment. If you feel your civil rights are violated, call us for a free and confidential consultation.
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This firm has handled a variety of civil rights cases.
Employment Discrimination: Overview
Employment Discrimination laws seek to prevent employers from discriminating on a variety of factors. Traits such as:
In recent years, the body of law around employment discrimination has grown. Especially for cases based on sexual orientation.
Discriminatory practice can include bias in:
Various Types Of Harassment
Federal and State Employers
The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution cover discrimination in government. Specifically, these amendments limit the power of federal and state governments to discriminate. The federal government can not deprive someone of life, liberty, or property without due process of the law. Furthermore, they guarantee that each person receive equal protection of the law.
The right of equal protection limits the power of state and federal governments. They can not discriminate in their employment practices. For example, by treating job applicants, employees, or former employees unequally. Discrimination because of membership in a group, such as a race or sex, is also unlawful.
An employee has a right to due process if terminated. Due process protection requires that employees have a fair procedural process before termination. State constitutions may also protect from employment discrimination.
Private Sector Employers
The Constitution does not directly constrain the private sector. But it has become subject to a growing body of federal and state laws. The Equal Pay Act covers wages. It prohibits employers and unions to pay wages based on sex. In brief, where workers perform equal work, they should receive equal pay. However, it does not prohibit discriminatory practices in hiring.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 covers many aspects of employment discrimination. The act prohibits discrimination based on:
Employment agencies may not discriminate when hiring or referring applicants. Also, the Act prohibits labor organizations from basing membership or union classifications on sex, religion, national origin, race, or color.
The Nineteenth Century Civil Rights Act insures all persons equal rights under the law. Furthermore, it outlines the damages available to victims under previous civil rights acts.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of age. The act protects employees from discrimination based on age if he or she is over 40. In addition, it provides guidelines for retirement, pension, and benefit plans.
If you feel your civil rights have been violated, call us for a confidential consultation.
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The Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC) interprets and enforces:
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
The Equal Payment Act
Americans With Disabilities Act
The Rehabilitation Act
The Commission was established by Title VII. Its enforcement provisions are contained in section 2000e-5 of Title 42. Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, part 1614 contains its regulations and guidelines.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was enacted to eliminate discrimination against those with handicaps.
Extensive protection from employment discrimination which are not covered by federal acts are provided by state statutes.
Abusive use of power is unethical and illegal. If you believe you or your loved one is a victim of civil rights violation, our civil rights lawyer in Lafayette from The Law Offices of L. Clayton Burgess is here to hear from you. Our team of seasoned civil rights lawyers has profound professional expertise and can help you recover the rightful compensation for all the damages and suffering. Contact us to learn how our attorneys can help you to get justice.
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